Overview

Storage tiers

b1.standard

The b1.standard tier combines SSDs with spinning drives to provide a good balance between performance and cost. Writes are always done to SSDs first and then flushed to HDDs later behind the scenes. Reads are likely to be cached by the aggregate memory of all our storage nodes combined, but will hit a HDD when the data is not cached.

Data stored on the b1.standard storage tier is replicated on three different storage nodes on the same region.

Each b1.standard volume is limited to 1000 IOPS. You can stripe multiple volumes together (using RAID 0) to achieve higher IOPS.

Additional storage tiers

Catalyst is prepared to introduce additional storage tiers and is currently waiting for demand from customers to introduce a faster tier backed purely by SSDs. If you are interested and would like to see this available as soon as possible, please contact your account manager.

Best practices

The root volume of your compute instance should only be used for operating system data. We recommend you add additional volumes to your compute instances to persist application data. For example: when running a MySQL database, you should add at least one additional volume with enough space to hold your database and mount it on /var/lib/mysql.

While block volumes can be formatted and used independently, we highly recommend you use a logical volume management layer, such as LVM, in production environments. By using LVM you will be able to add additional volumes and resize file-systems without downtime. Please consult the documentation of your operating system for information on how to use LVM.

If you are using volumes independently (without LVM, in a development scenario), then you must label your partitions to ensure they will be mounted correctly. The order of the devices (sdb, sdc, etc) may change and, when unlabelled, may result in them being mounted incorrectly.