Creating a shared network

For the situation where there are two existing networks in separate projects that need to be connected, a VPNaaS VPN would normally be the best option. However, there is an another option available for networks that exist within the same region.

This involves creating a role based access policy (RBAC) that allows the users in another project to access one of your project’s networks.

The process consists of the following steps:

  • Create an RBAC policy to share a network with another project

  • Connect the receiving project’s router to the shared network

  • Create a static route on the sharing project’s router which points to the receiving router’s IP address

A working example

For this example we will be using the following two projects within the nz-hlz-1 (Hamilton) region. As the dashboard does not currently support the creation of RBAC policies the majority of this example will require the use of the command line tools.

  • catalyst-cloud/support, will be the project that is sharing the network.

  • catalyst-cloud/training, will be receiving the shared network.

The goal of this example is to share the network called private-net-2 in the project catalyst-cloud/support to the project catalyst-cloud/training in order to allow access to the compute instance shared-instance.

../_images/private-net-2-topo.png

The sharing project (catalyst-cloud/support) elements:

  • router name : border-router-2

  • network name : private-net-2

  • subnet name : private-subnet-2

  • subnet CIDR : 10.0.1.0/24

The receiving project (catalyst-cloud/training) elements:

  • router name : border-router

  • network name : private-net

  • subnet name : private-subnet

  • subnet CIDR : 192.168.3.0/24

Creating the RBAC policy


As a user authenticated in the catalyst-cloud/training project:

Retrieve the UUID of the project.

$ openstack config show -c auth.project_id -f value -c auth.project_name -f value -f yaml
auth.project_id: 83100bf293c946078f3d10a959ac0218
auth.project_name: catalyst-cloud/training

Confirm what internal networks are currently available.

$ openstack network list --internal
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name                | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
| f94e78e1-690e-4fad-81f7-35dc52e7d072 | private-net         | 5ea2199a-1a1e-40c5-a4cd-81dca872570c |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+--------------------------------------+

We can confirm this using the Network Topology view from the dashboard.

../_images/training-topo-1.png


As a user authenticated in the catalyst-cloud/support project:

Retrieve the UUID of the network to be shared, in this case private-net-2.

$ openstack network show private-net-2 -c name -f value -c id -f value -f yaml
id: b6b93acd-3511-4a35-b37e-7a66e792321f
name: private-net-2

Create the network RBAC policy using access_as_shared for the policy action.

$ openstack network rbac create --target-project 83100bf293c946078f3d10a959ac0218 \
--action access_as_shared --type network b6b93acd-3511-4a35-b37e-7a66e792321f
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| action            | access_as_shared                     |
| id                | 52cc1d1b-12e8-4d25-ab75-f9d1137ff5c7 |
| name              | None                                 |
| object_id         | b6b93acd-3511-4a35-b37e-7a66e792321f |
| object_type       | network                              |
| project_id        | eac679e4896146e6827ce29d755fe289     |
| target_project_id | 83100bf293c946078f3d10a959ac0218     |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

$ openstack network rbac list
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Object Type | Object ID                            |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| 52cc1d1b-12e8-4d25-ab75-f9d1137ff5c7 | network     | b6b93acd-3511-4a35-b37e-7a66e792321f |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------------------------------------+


As a user authenticated in the catalyst-cloud/training project:

Now that the RBAC policy has been applied we should be able to view the shared network in the recieving project, either from the CLI, like this:

$ openstack network list --internal
+--------------------------------------+---------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name          | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+---------------+--------------------------------------+
| b6b93acd-3511-4a35-b37e-7a66e792321f | private-net-2 | 6cc1e626-4bc6-4436-8e72-b1e79c4e3dd9 |
| f94e78e1-690e-4fad-81f7-35dc52e7d072 | private-net   | 5ea2199a-1a1e-40c5-a4cd-81dca872570c |
+--------------------------------------+---------------+--------------------------------------+

or from the dashboard’s topology view.

../_images/training-topo-2.png

Now we need to create a port on the shared network. We can also give it a name to make working with it easier. In this example we will use shared-network-port.

Take note of the fixed-ip value in the subsequent output as this value will be needed to set up a static route.

$ openstack port create --network private-net-2 shared-network-port
+-------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field                   | Value                                                                                 |
+-------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up          | UP                                                                                    |
| allowed_address_pairs   |                                                                                       |
| binding_host_id         | None                                                                                  |
| binding_profile         | None                                                                                  |
| binding_vif_details     | None                                                                                  |
| binding_vif_type        | None                                                                                  |
| binding_vnic_type       | normal                                                                                |
| created_at              | None                                                                                  |
| data_plane_status       | None                                                                                  |
| description             | None                                                                                  |
| device_id               |                                                                                       |
| device_owner            |                                                                                       |
| dns_assignment          | fqdn='host-10-0-1-6.openstacklocal.', hostname='host-10-0-1-6', ip_address='10.0.1.6' |
| dns_domain              | None                                                                                  |
| dns_name                |                                                                                       |
| extra_dhcp_opts         | None                                                                                  |
| fixed_ips               | ip_address='10.0.1.6', subnet_id='6cc1e626-4bc6-4436-8e72-b1e79c4e3dd9'               |
| id                      | 6c0f0344-be2d-4996-9d86-9cd6f5c42735                                                  |
| ip_allocation           | None                                                                                  |
| mac_address             | fa:16:3e:63:6e:3d                                                                     |
| name                    | shared-network-port                                                                   |
| network_id              | b6b93acd-3511-4a35-b37e-7a66e792321f                                                  |
| numa_affinity_policy    | None                                                                                  |
| port_security_enabled   | False                                                                                 |
| project_id              | 83100bf293c946078f3d10a959ac0218                                                      |
| propagate_uplink_status | None                                                                                  |
| qos_network_policy_id   | None                                                                                  |
| qos_policy_id           | None                                                                                  |
| resource_request        | None                                                                                  |
| revision_number         | None                                                                                  |
| security_group_ids      | fcf4a5f1-a37c-4c25-9c54-63680888dea3                                                  |
| status                  | DOWN                                                                                  |
| tags                    |                                                                                       |
| trunk_details           | None                                                                                  |
| updated_at              | None                                                                                  |
+-------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

We then add this port to the router in the receiving network, like so.

$ openstack router add port border-router shared-network-port

To confirm that we have our port added as an interface on the router run the following,

$ openstack router show border-router -c interfaces_info -f value -f yaml
interfaces_info:
- ip_address: 10.0.1.6
  port_id: 6c0f0344-be2d-4996-9d86-9cd6f5c42735
  subnet_id: 6cc1e626-4bc6-4436-8e72-b1e79c4e3dd9
- ip_address: 192.168.3.1
  port_id: e468db30-2b83-4a61-ad8a-3e57f469b6b9
  subnet_id: 5ea2199a-1a1e-40c5-a4cd-81dca872570c

or confirm via the topology view.

../_images/training-topo-3.png

As a user authenticated in the catalyst-cloud/support project:

The final step in setting up our shared networking is applying a static route to the sharing router.

This requires the following information:

  • The CIDR value of the receiving subnet, which for this example is 192.168.3.0/24

  • The fixed IP address for the shared-network-port we created earlier, which for this example is 10.0.1.6

To add the the route run the following command.

$ openstack router set border-router-2 --route destination=192.168.3.0/24,gateway=10.0.1.6

Allowing access to traffic

For this example if we wished to allow SSH access from the receiving project to the shared-instance we would need to add a security group with the following rule and apply that to the instance.

Security group rule parameters:

  • protocol : TCP

  • port : SSH (22)

  • direction : ingress

  • CIDR : 192.168.3.0/24

Once this is in place it will be possible to SSH from a host in the receiving project to the host on the shared network.

Note

It’s worth being aware that the instances and ports within the sharing project will not be visible to the receiving project, so requires some co-orindation when configuring routes. Network discovery protocols will function within the network so hosts will be visible if they respond to ICMP or announce their presence.

Cleanup

To remove this setup simply follow these steps.

As a user authenticated in the catalyst-cloud/training project:

Remove the network port

$ openstack router remove port border-router shared-network-port

As a user authenticated in the catalyst-cloud/support project:

Remove the RBAC policy, using it’s UUID

$ openstack network rbac delete 52cc1d1b-12e8-4d25-ab75-f9d1137ff5c7

Also make sure to remove any unneeded security group rules that may have been added as part of this process.